Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. Diabetes requires daily self care and if complications develop, diabetes can have a significant impact on quality of life and can reduce life expectancy. While there is currently no cure for diabetes, you can live an enjoyable life by learning about the condition and effectively managing it.
Three things you need to know about diabetes:
Diabetes can be managed well but the potential complications are the same for type 1 and type 2 diabetes including heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, limb amputation, depression, anxiety and blindness.
We know diabetes:
Early diagnosis, optimal treatment and effective ongoing support and management reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.
In type 1 diabetes, symptoms are often sudden and can be life-threatening; therefore it is usually diagnosed quite quickly. In type 2 diabetes, many people have no symptoms at all, while other signs can go unnoticed being seen as part of ‘getting older’.
Therefore, by the time symptoms are noticed, complications of diabetes may already be present.
Common symptoms include:
There are different types of diabetes; the three most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Strong international evidence shows diabetes prevention programs can help prevent type 2 diabetes in up to 58 per cent of cases. You can do a lot to reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes, read our tips below.
Currently type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. However, researchers are looking into the autoimmune process and environmental factors that lead people to developing type 1 diabetes to help prevent type 1 diabetes in the future.
Evidence, including large-scale randomised control trials, shows type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in up to 58 per cent of cases by maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active and following a healthy eating plan.
People at risk of type 2 diabetes can delay and even prevent the condition by:
How diabetes is managed is dependent on the type of diabetes and each individual. It’s important to regularly consult your health care team.
For all types of diabetes, keeping blood glucose levels in a healthy range will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications.
Learn more about how to manage:
Diabetes and Daily Life
As a person with diabetes you are no different from any other person living in Australia. Living with diabetes does not change your basic needs, wants and desires. It will make some aspects of life more challenging, but it doesn’t define who you are or prevent you from enjoying and participating in life.
It is important to remember however that during the course of your life, when you are at work or if you are travelling or driving, there are a number of things you need to consider.
Learn more about:
For information about the diabetes programs and services available in your area, contact your local state or territory organisation.